Tradition of Vedic chanting

The Vedas comprise a vast corpus of Sanskrit poetry, philosophical dialogue, myth, and ritual incantations developed and composed by Aryans over 3,500 years ago. Regarded by Hindus as the primary source of knowledge and the sacred foundation of their religion, the Vedas embody one of the world’s oldest surviving cultural traditions. The Vedic heritage embraces a multitude of texts and interpretations collected in four Vedas, commonly referred to as “books of knowledge” even though they have been transmitted orally. The Rig Veda is an anthology of sacred hymns; the Sama Veda features musical arrangements of hymns from the Rig Veda and other sources; the Yajur Veda abounds in prayers and sacri

Ujjayi Pranayama

Ujjayi Prananaya or the psychic breath soothes the mind and induces a meditative state. Ujjayi means to ‘lift up’. In Ujjayi pranayama, the chest is slightly lifted up as if the inhalation is done from the throat. Ujjayi pranayama is mentioned in the yoga text Hatha Yoga Pradeepika and in the Gheranda Samhita. Ujjayi involves a deep inhalation from both nostrils with a half closed glottis, so that a faint hissing snoring sound is made during the inhalation. Then there is retention of breath followed by exhalation. Those suffering from heart ailments and blood pressure problems should avoid Kumbhaka or retention of breath. This practice should be learnt from a qualified yoga instructor. How


Kapalabhati is an element of the yogic body cleansing system that is known as shatkarma or shatkriya. This Sanskrit word is derived from the root words kapal, meaning “skull," and bhati, which is best translated as “illuminating” or “shining.” In Kapalabhati the brain and all parts of the skull are cleansed through short but strong exhalations of air. There are three different types of kapalabhati. In the case of vatakrama kapalabhati, exhalation is forced while inhalation is natural and passive. Vyutkrama kapalabhati sees water sniffed in through the nose and then spat out through the mouth. Finally, sheetkrama kapalbhati is when water is taken in the mouth and then forced out through the

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